What are GM foods ?: And list of examples

What are GM foods ?: And list of examples

Transgenic foods are those that include in their composition some ingredient that comes from an organism that has been incorporated by genetic techniques

 

Today there are a lot of GM foods, so I’ll talk about everything you need to know about these foods, starting with explaining Super Fast Keto Boost what they are, some examples, why they were created, etc …

What is a transgenic food?

The transgenic foods are those that include in their composition some ingredients derived from an organism which has been incorporated by genetic techniques, a gene of another species. Thanks to modern biotechnology, a gene can be transferred from one organism to another to provide it with a special quality that it lacks, so that transgenic plants can resist pests, better resist herbicides and droughts, etc … .

In the case of Europe, the transgenic modalities are not allowed, since only those that can be cultivated and subsequently marketed are.

Since they appeared transgenic foods have been the subject of much controversy. There are people who are in their favor and others who are completely against the production of these foods.

For example, Juan Felipe Carrasco, responsible for the campaign against Green Peace transgenic, says that industrial agriculture that is currently sold as “food for all humanity” is causing irreversible damage, since according to him, it is not true that science is in favor of such foods, pointing out that people who are against such foods are not against the science of the future, but are against the release of transgenic into the environment.

On the other hand, Francisco García Olmedo, Professor of Molecular Biochemistry at the Polytechnic University of Madrid, thinks the opposite, mentioning that transgenics are the greatest innovation in food production in the last 25 years, and that there has not been a single incident in human health or in the environment.

Why were transgenic foods created?

Proponents of this practice believe that with genetic modification it is intended to achieve foods that are much more resistant and with better nutritional qualities that are more beneficial for humans. That is, we can find corn more resistant to insects, tomatoes that last longer in the refrigerator without getting lost, rice rich in vitamin A, crops more resistant to droughts, crops that survive insecticides and herbicides, coffee without caffeine , etc…

In a nutshell we can say that the purpose or objective with which the transgenic foods were made was to make foods more resistant, durable, more nutritious and in less time.

List of GM foods

Previously I mentioned some of the transgenic foods that we can consume, but then we will see more examples and explain them in detail:

  • GM soybeans: Changes made from genes extracted from bacterial herbicides are introduced into soybeans. When it is modified, it is much more resistant to glyphosates and herbicides.
  • Transgenic corn : In the case of corn, the new genes are inserted into the genome of the plant. Thanks to these modifications it receives is much more resistant to insects, glyphosates and herbicides. The corn grains that are produced thanks to the genetic transformation are characterized by being brighter and having an orange color.
  • Transgenic meats : This type of meat is made for more than 20 years, when animals (pigs, birds, fish and cows) began to be modified. The modifications aim to increase the size and weight of animals, as well as to accelerate their growth.
  • Transgenic wheat: This wheat is much more resistant to droughts, insecticides and insects. However, it is worth noting that there are currently more cases of people who are intolerant to wheat and coeliacs, so it is believed that there is a direct relationship with the genetic modifications that have been made on wheat.
  • Transgenic potatoes : In the case of potatoes, starch enzymes are invalidated when an antagonistic copy of the gene that cancels them is introduced. To be able to produce this type of potatoes it is necessary to generate the necessary conditions, since it is actually quite complex, so much so that currently these types of potatoes cannot be found in the market.
  • Transgenic tomatoes : The main difference between transgenic and common tomatoes is that the time in which they decompose is much longer. To achieve this, one of its enzymes has to be genetically inhibited thanks to its opposite gene. For this it has to be introduced into the genome of the tomato. Currently, this type of tomatoes tries to be reinserted in the market, since they had previously been removed due to certain difficulties when marketing them.
  • Transgenic rice : In order to genetically modify rice, three new genes must be introduced, two from daffodils and one from a bacterium. The result is a rice with higher vitamin A content.
  • Transgenic coffee : Generally, coffee is modified with the sole objective of increasing production, although it is also usually modified for greater resistance to insects, to decrease levels of caffeine and to improve its aroma.
  • Transgenic grapes : Mainly the objective with which the grapes are modified is to increase their resistance and to eliminate the seeds they have.

How many types of GM foods are there?

We can consider that there are the following groups of transgenic foods:

Substances used in animal treatments with the aim of improving production : The best example we can mention about this type of transgenic is the bovine growth hormones used to increase milk production. This hormone is allowed in the United States, but not in the European Union.

Substances used in the food industry, obtained from microorganisms by recombinant DNA techniques : The best example we can mention in this case is the recombinant chymosin (rennet), which is used in the European Union to make cheese. This has some bureaucratic problems, but it is not a source of ecological problems, nor does it represent any risk for the consumer.

Transgenic animals that secrete in their milk a human protein or that have lower lactose content : These are not yet commercially available, so there really isn’t much information about it.

It is worth mentioning that of these three cases no organism is released to the environment. A cow is not an organism that can “pollinate” anyone without control, while in the other cases only pure substances obtained are traded.

Not only are ecological aspects considered as the transfer of resistance genes, but aspects related to consumer safety are more important, which are easy to examine.

Points in favor of GM foods

Those skilled in the art agree that there is no reason to think that GMOs are prejudicial foods for health. Many professors agree that “the controversy about the safety of transgenic part of fiction. Today, around 40 million hectares of genetically modified food are produced and there is no accusation that exists. ” Likewise, it has been commented that these do not offer any danger at all and that the modified vegetables “come” from other “normal” vegetables , so they do not represent any risk, so their consumption is totally harmless.

The transgenic foods are subjected to controls and analysis constantly, going through very rigorous and exhaustive processes , even superior to those that are subjected to common foods. “The demands of food safety that are imposed on any transgenic food before approval, are really exhaustive,” says former CSIC president César Nombela.

The data revealed by the Department of Agriculture of the United States have revealed that during the year 2000 there were more than one billion transgenic plants in the soil, which did not present alterations that compromised the environment or the health of its inhabitants.

Some isolated experiments with Super Fast Keto Boost Reviews negative health outcomes have been reported, “where the scientific community has judged them as non-orthodox, although they have been published in internationally recognized scientific journals. Why? Because these isolated experiments had defects in methodology, several colleagues with great prestige reported.

On the subject of which they have made more allergic people, in the United States a guide document of the Codex Alimentarius Commission was published , in which it was established the obligation to test if there is IgE (allergy-linked immunoglobulin) in each of the new products. Likewise, it was required to search the protein data banks in case the new prioteins are similar to an already known allergen. There are several public and private organizations worldwide that exercise this type of control over modified foods.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *